This castella pancake has became my recent favorite recipe ever since I tried making it the first time. It looks and tastes amazing, especially for how easy it is to make. I felt it'd be selfish if I didn't share this recipe with you all. This castella pancake is like a big fluffy souffle pancake baked in a cast iron skillet, which saves you the time and hassle of cooking pancakes one by one and constantly watching over when to flip your pancakes. Once your pancake is done baking, you top it with a piece of salted butter and some maple syrup if you'd like, and when the butter melts and is absorbed by the the soft and fluffy pancake, it becomes the ultimate pancake experience!
Castella pancake appeared in a Japanese drama called Kodoku No Gurume (or Solitary Gourmet), in this episode. After I saw this video and found that someone shared the recipe, I decided to give it a try. It was a hit in my family. My daughter said this is the best tasting thing in the world when she ate it! I know she's exaggerates, but this is the first time she described a dish like this. Now this pancake has become something I make regularly for our tea time, (my daughter loves having tea time these days and is insistent that we have it everyday) and we enjoy it a lot.
This fluffy pancake only requires a few ingredients that you very likely already have on hand. The process is also very easy and straightforward -- it's very similar to making chiffon cake, except we don't add oil in the batter. Here are some tips for making the pancake light and fluffy:
Beating Egg Whites
This is the key of making this fluffy pancake successfully.
- Get a dry and clean mixing bowl. If the bowl is wet or has any grease in it, it will be hard (almost impossible) to beat the egg white into the consistency needed. If there's a bit of egg yolk that got into the egg white, use egg shell to fish it out, since even a tiny bit of egg yolk may hinder the whites from gaining volume correctly. Since we are beating only two egg whites, don't use a huge mixing bowl, as that will cause the process to take longer than necessary. I used my 4 cups measuring cup, which works out pretty well with a hand mixer.
- Use fine sugar. I wouldn't use turbinado sugar when beating the egg white, as the bigger crystals will result in a meringue that isn't as smooth. If you only have coarse sugar, you can blend it in a food processor until it's finer before using.
- Don't over beat the egg white. Beat the egg white until you can form soft peaks. If you over beat the egg white, it will be more difficult to incorporate, which means the incorporation process will require more mixing. More mixing leads to an increased the chance of the pancake deflating, which ultimately results in a denser cake.
- Use medium speed and finish up with low speed. Beating the whites on high speed will result in larger air bubbles, which will also cause the batter to deflate easier when mixing the batter. One good way to eliminate big air bubbles is to use low speed (or by hand) during the last 30 seconds of whisking to eliminate all the bigger air bubbles.
Mixing the batter
Another important step is mixing the egg yolk mixture with the meringue (egg white). If your meringue has the right consistency, it should be pretty easy to mix together.
In order to make the mixing process easier, we usually mix the egg yolk mixture with a small part of meringue first before mixing the rest of it together. When you combine both mixtures, use a spatula to mix and fold in the motion of writing "J" from bottom to top while turning the mixing bowl, so the mixture can be well combined.
Type of skillet
This recipe is designed for a 6.5 inch cast iron skillet, which I'd highly recommend, especially since it's relatively cheap for such a useful pan. Plus, then you can make castella pancake whenever you want! However, if you prefer to use a pan or baking tray you already have at home, it's totally fine, too, though you might need to adjust the recipe based on the size of your pan/tray.
I highly recommend topping with salted butter. It just goes so well with this pancake. I personally don't like things being too sweet, so I like it with just salted butter, but you can also top with maple syrup, honey, fruit... or what ever you like.
This castella pancake is perfect for brunch or afternoon tea. With this 6.5 inch skillet, I can just bake it with my toaster oven and it comes out perfectly. This fluffy pancake has a wow factor, both in terms of taste and presentation. My family enjoys it very much. I hope that you can give this recipe a try!
Castella Pancake (Baked Japanese Souffle Pancake)
For the pancake
- 2 large eggs
- 30 g milk, 2 tbsp
- 15 g honey, 1 tbsp
- 40 g cake (or all purpose) flour, ¼ cup. I personally prefer the texture of using cake flour
- ¼ tsp white vinegar or lemon juice
- 30 g fine sugar, 2 tbsp
- butter , for greasing the pan and topping
- powder sugar
- maple syrup
Prepare the skillet
- Grease a 6.5 inch cast iron skillet (see note for other sizes) with a thin layer of butter and set it aside.
Make Pancake Batter
- Preheat the oven to 350°F (180°C)
- Separate egg yolk and egg white into two mixing bowls. Make sure the bowl for the egg white is dry and clean without any oils on the surface. If you accidentally drop some yolk in the white, fish it out with egg shell.
- Mix egg yolk with milk and honey, whisk until well combined before adding the sifted flour. Mix until smooth but don't over mix. Set it aside.
- Add vinegar/lemon juice in egg white, beat with an electric mixer on medium speed until foaming. Add sugar in two batches while beating and continue until soft peaks form when you remove your mixer. When the mixture starts to form ribbons in the wake of your mixer, turn the speed to low and continue to beat until egg whites can form soft peaks, that way, the larger air bubbles can be eliminated.
- Scoop about half a cup of the egg white into the yolk mixture and mix with a spatula until it's well combined before pouring this mixture into the bowl with the egg white mixture.
- Mix with a spatula from bottom to top in the motion of writing "J" while turning the mixing bowl, so the mixture can be well combined. Don't stir in a circular motion or over mix, as it will cause the mixture to deflate,
- Pour the mixture into the skillet, and smooth out the surface with a spatula.
- Bake for 8 minutes, remove skillet and cut a big "+" on the surface of the pancake and return it back to the oven for another 8 to 10 minutes until the top becomes golden brown and the middle part puffs up. If you double the recipe and make it in an 8 inch skillet, you will need to bake for 5-10 minutes longer until an inserted toothpick can come out clean.
- Top the pancake with butter (I prefer to use salted butter) and any other topping of your choice and enjoy right away!